President Lula accepted include REDD in climate agenda

18 September 2009 - The meeting in Brasilia was the high point of a network of nine governors of the Amazon, supported by their departments of environment and secretariats by former secretary of the environment of the Amazon, Virgilio Viana, current director general of the Amazonas Sustainable Foundation.

A Task Force of the Amazon with nine governors met last Thursday, in Brasilia, with President Lula to discuss the inclusion of REDD (Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation). Five ministers were present and the main Brazilian negotiators going to Copenhagen, for a COP 15, next December, will be decided when the mechanisms and targets that will replace the Kyoto Protocol, signed in 1997.

The meeting in Brasilia was the high point of a network of nine governors of the Amazon, supported by their departments of environment and secretariats by former secretary of the environment of the Amazon, Virgilio Viana, current director general of the Amazonas Sustainable Foundation. The official position of the Brazilian government has been opposing the inclusion of forests in compensation mechanisms of carbon emissions for industrialized countries (anexo1 of the Kyoto Protocol), mainly because they want to bring to the table's inability to control deforestation in the Amazon region. No entanto, the governors of the Amazon, primarily led Maggi, Mato Grosso do, Eduardo Braga on, do Amazonas, it seems, able to show that mechanisms for valuation of standing forests are key programs for the control of deforestation and encouraging local development based on a forestry.

According to Virgilio Viana, who attended the meeting, theses of the governors were very well received, and the Brazilian government must build a defense policy of REDD mechanisms for COP 15. "It should be made an effort to adapt the theses already incorporated by the Foreign Ministry negotiators to this new reality", explains. He believes that REDD mechanisms that will be accepted should include national projects, as the Amazon Fund, currently managed by BNDES, and sub-projects, as the Bolsa Floresta, which is administered by FAS. They should be included mechanisms for the REDD carbon emissions compensation of Annex countries 1 until, also, the strengthening of market financing mechanisms without compensating.

REDD experts who were meeting in Manaus for 1° Latin-American Symposium REDD were very optimistic about the change of the government's position, that previously did not accept even the mention of forests in international negotiations. "It's a clear signal enrichment of the Brazilian position", Alberto said Lourenço, the Secretariat of Strategic Affairs of the Federal Government, I was in Manaus. He, Brazil is preparing to pursue a geopolitical leadership of the nations forest.

The secretary of the environment of the State of Mato Grosso, Luiz Daldegan, said, after speaking with representatives of his government were in Brasilia, that the meeting was a little troubled by the passionate defense of the positions for the REDD, but the results were very good and Lula accepted the argument advanced by the governors as a breakthrough in the Brazilian positions.

With the inclusion of REDD in international negotiations Brazil advances not only in the sense of appreciation of the Brazilian forests, but all nine Amazon Basin countries and countries working to protect tropical forests in Africa and Asia. Mark Freitas, Brazilian Forum on Climate Change said that this mechanism is not a panacea that will solve all the problems of deforestation, but it is an important advance. For it is essential to understand that the key questions are not only the forests, which must be preserved and protected, as well as the people living in them. No entanto, We must understand that this is a battle, the war against climate change is caused by global warming, and this, is lost, It will also destroy forests. (Envolverde).

 

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