Recreating the fields in the Amazon

5 June 2010 - Reserve bordering the Juma Sustainable Development learn to grow without emitting CO2; technique is called permaculture

Source: O Estado de Sao Paulo

Karina Ninni * – Special to O Estado
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Taught by an expert Iran, an ancient technique used by people as the Aztecs can help bordering the Amazon to emit less carbon dioxide with burning the forest to grow food. The contract multicultural happened this month, when 32 Alunos of 14 Reservation communities of the Juma Sustainable Development (AM), a 227 kilometers from Manaus, had lessons permaculture, integrated use of natural resources.

Permaculture Course (Werther Santana / The State)
Werther Santana / AE
Luana Valente attended the course with their children Samuel and Gabriel

The term permaculture was coined hair Australians Bill Mollison and David Holmgren in the years 70. The planting of food represents only a part of the system, which basically is an ancient technique of observation and copying of nature. "We designed the ground so that the farmer spends minimal energy to get the maximum return", resume or Iranian Ali Sharif, former de aluno Mollison, who spent a week in the reserve, NGOs maintained by the Amazonas Sustainable Foundation (FAS). "Instead of cleaning the areas with burned and only cultivate a product, it has a mosaic of cultures. There is no burning. Tips to capoeira and the planting is done in the middle of the organic matter.”

During the course, the riparian area divided into five zones of the Juma. Zero The area is home to the farmer. After zona 1 are garden, medicinal plants and water tank. A zona 2 home to an orchard and small livestock; a 3 was reserved for food crops and livestock more. A zona 4 is dedicated to extrativismo and the 5 forest is, only used for the extraction of seeds.

After zona 3, Sharif and students marked out a square of scuffed 65 by 65 meters in six equal strips, in the community of Good Front. Ali, cassava crops interspersed with fruit such as oranges and even annatto.

"The burning ends with the soil and the farmer has to be rotated between roçados. When you return to the first clearing, the crop is already 50% less. Na permaculture, plant up years in one place ", says John Soares Araujo, Instructor Daniel Ephraim Foundation Dazcal, partner of the Permaculture Institute of the Amazon.

“Eu Achaeans interesting. At home we have more than ten local clearing, distant from each other ", said Denise Adams Coat of Arms, from 18 years, one of the students. Other riparian faced with resistance technique. “Our roçadosofêm 50 by 30 meters. It is little to permaculture. We will have to increase the space of the garden ", Valente said Luana, from 20, who attended classes with their children: Samuel and Gabriel. "I Think, at least with cassava, plant does not work well ", said Marco Antonio Campos, from 34, resident of the community Marepaua.

"In permaculture, cassava has a productivity 90% more, because the rainfall and erosion losses are smaller. OS, the first year of cultivation, the work is great ", Messiah explains Gomes Brazil, five years ago using the technique in Boa Vista do Ramos (AM).

To the director general of FAS, Virgilio Viana, Permaculture involves cultural changes. "The slash and burn system is a long-standing tradition. Do not change it in a week.”

* Karina Ninni traveled at the invitation of the Foundation Amazon Sustentávl (FAS).