Eco Magazine 21 publishes article by Virgilio Viana

30 September 2010 - Editing 166 Revista da Eco 21, published this week, It brings the "Environment, sustainability and national interest ", written […]

Source: Amazonas Sustainable Foundation

Editing 166 Revista da Eco 21, published this week, It brings the "Environment, sustainability and national interest ", written by the general superintendent of the Amazonas Sustainable Foundation (FAS), Virgilio Viana.

Read HERE no link original.


Meio environment, sustainability and national interest

*Virgilio Viana

Presidential elections represent a unique opportunity to discuss issues of national interest. Perhaps no issue of greater strategic importance that has received so little attention as the environmental issue. It is essential that Brazil has the competence to meet the challenges and seize the opportunities to grow without degrading the environment ambiente.Vivemos a historical context marked by global climate change and environmental degradation. If we continue this trajectory, the cost of climate change will represent between 5% until 20% do global PIB por ano (U.S. $ 3,5 a US$ 12,2 trilhões dollars, baseando-global GDP is not 2010). The cost of human suffering and degradation of nature are even greater. In this context, environment and sustainability are no longer peripheral issues and begin to assume strategic importance. However, in Brazil is usually only addressing environmental issues in a timely manner, when there are polemical works for the environmental licensing: as the plant of Belo Monte, transposition of Rio São Francisco etc.. Other times, the environmental issue receives attention because of disaster: oil spills, pollution of rivers, deforestation etc.. Quando debates complex issues such as forest Code, face like a football match, with emotion and without proper scientific perspective and strategic. We seldom ask: we must change our style of development to reduce the environmental damage we are causing? This is good for Brazil?The obvious answer is that yes: we must change our style of development, especially for the Amazon – Our main environmental asset of global importance. We should control the economic vector of deforestation, reducing the emission of 540 million tons of carbon dioxide equivalent per year (average of the last 10 years). We should fight for these reductions were valued in the new carbon market model under discussion by the UN Convention on Climate Change – the price per ton of carbon in carbon regulated market turns around 13 euros and should reach about 60 Euro até 2020. We should aggressively seek commercial advantage for the products of the Industrial Pole of Manaus, What is the arrangement of greater macroeconomic success for the protection of the Amazon we know today. We should tell the world the obvious: buy cell phones and electronic Manaus is good for the forest and generates environmental co-benefits for the entire planet. Therefore, these products should pay less tax than those produced in China or anywhere else in the mundo.Deveríamos build a green image for agribusiness, especially not export segment. This is not a challenge of advertising and marketing, but management of environmental quality in agriculture. In a context where non-tariff barriers are used in an ever more frequent, Brazilian competitors use and abuse of our perverse relationship ethanol, soybean and beef with deforestation. Even though often in exaggerated or even improper, this' forest footprint” Brazilian agribusiness is and will remain a barrier to new markets, especially in most industrialized economies and societies more informed. Governments should, so, encourage certification and partnership between companies and entities ambientalistas.Deveríamos rethink the model of rural credit and financing of agribusiness by BNDES and other banks, creating disincentives for deforestation and incentives for those that conserve the forest. We should, ultimately, build a road map towards sustainability of Brazilian agribusiness. We should create mechanisms for the payment of environmental services to those who conserve forests. Forests depend on rainfall and river flows and, by tabela, the generation of hydroelectric power, agriculture and urban water supply. Issues of interest nacional.A agenda of sustainability and the environment has implications for all sectors of society, the public to private, comprising the industry, trade, services, logistics, energy, infrastructure, transport, education, health, international relations, science and technology etc.Meio environment and sustainability should be central in the debate on the paths to Brazil. It is not just to protect rivers, frogs and bem-te-vis. What is at stake is job, income and the future of our children and grandchildren. It is in the national interest to rethink the strategic role of sustainability and the environment for the future of the country.

Ph.D. column the University of Harvard, Former Secretary of Environment and Sustainable Development of Amazonas State, current General Superintendent of the Amazonas Sustainable Foundation – FAS