'Agreement of Paris is positive, but it's not enough', diz líder da rede SDSN na América do Sul

10 the December the 2015 - Novo texto do acordo em negociação foi apresentado na quarta-feira (9)

Jeffrey Sachs and Virgilio Viana commented text (Photo: Victor Salviati / FAS)

The text of the agreement being negotiated at COP 21 It was the subject of debate, Thursday (10), no “Climate Generations areas”, What happens in Paris. Not find, the co-chair for South America Solutions Network for Sustainable Development (SDSN), Virgilio Viana, He said he believed the results of this COP may not be enough.

in Conference, leaders and environmentalists stressed the importance of acting with urgency, changing mainly the mindset to stop deforestation, promote reforestation and cut the use of fossil fuels. To Virgílio, although the final agreement put in agreement the signatory countries, your goals need to be more ambitious, considering the current scenario of emissions.

“My assessment of the COP is positive on the one hand, as we progress in building a text that puts in agreement all the allied countries. On the other hand, this is insufficient agreement, especially if we look at the need for much deeper cuts in emissions globally”, explica o co-chair, who is also general superintendent of the Amazonas Sustainable Foundation (FAS).

The expectation is that the agreement is complemented with more effective goals, starting from continuous assessments and has provided local climate change scenarios, Virgilio explains.

“They will be made periodic evaluations, in order to understand the progress and needs of increasing actions related to greenhouse gas emissions reductions. So I believe we can have a moderate level of optimism and at the same time moderate concern about the need to go beyond what was agreed here”, advocates.

The general director of SDSN Network, Jeffrey Sachs, also urged the goals. “The Paris agreement can and should be celebrated. However, not be enough. We have to seek practical solutions to the complete decarbonisation of our economies. ? We need a strategy based on a quantitative analysis: we have one emissions budget 100 billion tonnes of CO2 by the end of the century. We must have clear plans to clear short-term emissions”, stressed.

Wake up

The text presented on Wednesday (9) It was composed of 29 pages, size considered appropriate for a treaty. The number of expressions in brackets – signaling impasse – fell from 949 for 367 the draft agreement. No entanto, some draft articles remained in the form of options, that may or may not survive to the final text. “Good options remain, what is missing is knowing which will remain”, said Ana Toni, director of the Climate Institute and Society, in an interview with portal G1.

Elements such as the mention of 1,5oC as maximum tolerable global warming, the possibility of reaching zero net emissions by mid-century, and a review of national targets (INDCs) every five years from 2018 or 2019, They were replaced by a reference to the voluntary cooperation between southern countries, according to the Climate Observatory.

The issues that remain in brackets should be negotiated on Thursday and Friday (11).