Bolsa Floresta increases the income of coastal families and helps conserve forest, reveals survey of German agency GIZ

23 the November the 2018 - Study commissioned by the Amazon Fund / BNDES was inside the Amazon to assess performance of public policy implemented by the Amazonas Sustainable Foundation (FAS)

 
Community of Vista Inn Rio Negro, the English community | Photo: Dirce Quintino

Increasing family income of forest peoples, community empowerment and environmental conservation are actual results of the Bolsa Floresta, second independent evaluation of the German Agency for International Cooperation (German Society for International Cooperation – CHALK).

Contracted by the Amazon Fund / BNDES to assess the effectiveness of program actions, the agency conducted a survey in five conservation units (UC) Amazonas State in order to hear the information beneficiaries on the implementation of public policy, which is carried out with Fund resources by the Amazonas Sustainable Foundation (FAS), in partnership with the Secretary of State for the Environment (Sema), Bradesco and Coca-Cola.

The information was submitted late on Thursday (22) during the XXI Leadership Meeting of the Bolsa Floresta, na established by FAS, with the presence of community leaders, members of the Board of the Foundation, Government of Amazonas and technical representatives of the German agency.

According to the study of GIZ, the program contributed to the increase in the monthly average family income in serviceable areas, in addition to increasing the share of sustainable products in the composition of income of beneficiaries.

Black River Na RDS, the monthly income per family jumped from R $ 485,80 in 2011 to R 1170,00 in 2018. No Juma, in the same period, values ​​jumped from R $ 480,30 to R 1028,00, Following the same trend of the other three PAs evaluated: Piagaçu-Purus, Wood and Amapá. researchers, Community also reported to have increased participation in activities such as tourism, handicraft, fishing and sustainable management of wood.

"You can observe the research the average evolution of household income, while the own share of forest products in the composition of remuneration is increasing. This is due to the participatory nature of the program, which allows the participants themselves select the activities they wish to act, and also to the available inputs, which helped to improve conditions for producers and their engagement ", explains Gabriel Ferreira, GIZ consultant who participated in the preparation of the study.

The German agency also highlighted the role that community empowerment actions of the Bolsa Floresta had on communities, with emphasis on women and youth empowerment in underserved areas. According to GIZ, parent associations participating in the program played a key role in the dissemination of knowledge and strengthening of grassroots organizations, as well as the mobilization of new actors in discussions.

"This strengthening was seen in several areas that we. This is related to the structuring processes of the program, that encourage associations, the Leadership Meeting, workshops, Community exchange and evaluation of seminars, that take place annually and mobilize the community ", highlights Alef Brito, technical advisor of GIZ, that was on the field.

Environmental Conservation

Regarding environmental conservation, GIZ highlighted the role of the payment mechanism for Environmental Services (PES), the training and sensitization for reducing deforestation and forest degradation in the areas served by the program. According to the National Institute for Space Research data (INPE), deforestation in areas of the Bolsa Floresta fell 58% between 2008 until 2016.

"The role that community have in the conservation contributes greatly to the reduction in deforestation rates. And this empowerment, to bring the map to communities, discuss the fires in the plantations, to hear the other side, it makes a lot of difference ", Gabriel ends.

To Alcione Meireles, Fisherman RDS Mamirauá, the improvement was felt in the day-to-day in recent years.

"We feel the skin improvement. A mestizo like me, tired of spending the coast carrying Arapaima, and today with the Estate was much easier to transport the fish. This means that we have more capacity to fish sustainably, and this helps to increase income without clearing ", says Alcione Meireles, Leadership RDS Mamirauá.

Challenges

Among the challenges identified by the study, They are the incorporation of environmental services in the value of riparian products, This would contribute further to raise the incomes of family farmers. The survey also identified the need to improve public service initiatives, which would help in optimizing the projects developed in protected areas (UC).

For the general superintendent of FAS, Virgilio Viana, the review is an important step in the implementation of the program.

"This review is something very symbolic because it attests a methodological rigor and impartiality exemption, the quality of a work that has been performed over many years. This is a force for partners and staff to work more in promoting sustainable development of the Amazon ", It highlights the general superintendent of FAS, Virgilio Viana.

The study will be published on the Amazon Fund site. After analysis, the document will be sent to donor countries Germany and Norway, they should share with their executive and legislative branches, respectively.

Newsletter