1. What is the origin of the features of FAS and what activities are directed?
The features of FAS are derived exclusively from donations. In addition to donations resources are provided from the management of environmental services and products from the protected (U.S.'s) State of the Amazon. Such resources, according to the Climate Change Act, will be fully invested in the development and consolidation of CUs in the Amazon and, consequently, reversed in favor of the people who live in them. Especially on the values relating to the provision of environmental services and products, should not experience any kind of burden, administrative expenses or expenses related to management of the Foundation. Established this condition, social investments, economic, and environmental research will be carried out following guidelines of the Management of Protected Areas, approved by the deliberative councils of each conservation unit and the State Center for Protected Areas (CEUC), Secretary of State for the Environment and Sustainable Development (SDS). So, The Foundation is entirely at the service of sustainable development, environmental conservation and improvement of quality of life in the Amazon Protected Areas.
2. Because FAS is accountable management of resources?
FAS has the institutional culture of excellence in the search efficiency, ethics and transparency in the management of financial resources. FAS accountability is done by Deloitte, independent company specialized in accounting control, and audited by PricewaterhouseCoopers, Brazil, one of the most respected accounting companies in the world. Audit reports, after being examined by the Supervisory Board of SAP, are subject to approval by the Board of Directors and, then, check the legal and lawful the District Attorney. The rigor of this process reflects our view that FAS should be a national and international reference for the management of resources for social and environmental programs in tropical.
3. FAS has received donations?
FAS received two initial donations, each one of R$ 20 million. The first one from Banco Bradesco and the other one from State Government of Amazonas. The donation made by the Government of Amazonas has been authorized by State Law 3.135/07. These resources are being applied to long term so that only the income (adjusted for inflation) are invested annually. So, FAS programs are financially sustainable in the long term. The funds are being managed by Bradesco, that, voluntarily, exempted FAS from any administrative fees or banking services related to management of funds invested.
FAS also received a donation of R$ 20 million of the company Coca Cola Brazil, to become a partner-sponsor of the Foundation since 6 February 2009. The Foundation received, also, the support of the Node, no valor de 30 mil Euros (cerca de R$ 80 mil); the confection stores of Yamamay. no valono value Eurthousand Euros daround R$l); aa thousandfrom Marriott International, an amount of U$D 500 thousand per year, for four years. More recently the Amazon Fund, administered by the BNDES pledged with the financial assistance of 19.3 million divided into 4 Income components for the year and the Bolsa Floresta Program Association. Samsung has also a partnership with FAS, with a donation of R$ 3.8 million made to support programs in APA Rio Negro. This year the company HRT pledged to donate R$ 24 R$ million 4 million to support programs at RDS Uacarai; and R$ 20 million to be donated to the permanent fund to 2013.Todas donations received are deposited in separate bank accounts, to ensure maximum accuracy in accountability to partners and civil society. All donations received are published on the website of FAS.
4. FAS manages the protected areas in Amazonas state?
The management of protected areas of the Amazon is the responsibility of the State Center for Protected Areas (CEUC), body bound to the Secretary of State for the Environment and Sustainable Development (SDS). The management structure of the CEUC was defined by State Law 3.244, from 4 April 2008, Establishing the Management Unit on Climate Change and Protected Areas (UGMUC), no scope to SDS (www.sds.am.gov.br). It is for the SDS / CEUC institutional partnerships for the management of protected areas, through specific terms of cooperation and published in the Official Gazette of the State.
The management of protected areas is another important area of innovation Amazon, Complement Lei stripping formalized 53, from 5 of June 2007, establishing the State System of Conservation Units (EHRS), part of the National System of Units Conservação (SNUC). Neste Amparado Instrumento legal, SDS / CEUC established strategic partnerships with civil society institutions aimed at co-management and implementation of conservation of the Amazon, including: Instituto Mamirauá, Instituto Piagaçu Purus, Victoria Foundation Amazon, Institute for Sustainable Development of Amazonas (Idesam), Instituto Ipê, FAS and the others.
The implementation of management activities must follow UC's management plans approved by CEUC. The resources for this should come from the state government of Amazonas and its partner institutions, among which the FAS.
5. Legal instruments which allow FAS to manage products and environmental services of conservation?
In June 2007, the Legislature approved the Amazon and the State Government enacted the Law Meeting 3.135/07, establishing the State Policy on Climate Change, Environmental Conservation and Sustainable Development. The goal was to create instruments that allow the State of Amazonas work for forest conservation, addressing the challenges and opportunities posed by the crisis of global warming and climate change.
It is envisaged in this Law, the sale of expensive goods and environmental services of conservation of the State of Amazonas to a foundation. The costly nature of the transfer of environmental services to FAS requirement ensures that the proceeds are fully invested in improving the quality of life of traditional people and conservation of protected areas. With this procedure, Amazonas Government assured legal stability, at the same time he designed an innovative and efficient way to expand resources for sustainable development and management of protected areas of the State.
The environmental goods and services for reward assigned to FAS were defined as follows:
- Product environment is everyone coming from the environmental services, including the carbon accumulated in the biomass and other, associated with the use and conservation of ecosystems;
- Environmental service is the storage of carbon stocks, or carbon sequestro, the gas production, water, its natural cleaning and filtration, the balance of the hydrological cycle, biodiversity conservation, soil conservation and maintenance of ecosystem vitality, the landscape, the climatic balance, thermal comfort and other processes that generate benefits of management and conservation of natural ecosystems modified by human action.
6. FAS is responsible for state policy on climate change and forest management?
No. The process of implementing the state policy of climate change was established by State Law 3.244, from 4 April 2008, that created the organizational structure for the State Center for Climate Change (Ceclima), installed at the Secretary of State for the Environment and Sustainable Development (SDS). It is incumbent upon CECLIMA / SDS formulation and coordination of the implementation process of the state policy on climate change. The formulation of forest policy of the State is the responsibility of the Assistant Secretary of Forests and Extractive (SEAF/SDS).
7. Why the Government transferred the management of the Bolsa Floresta program for FAS?
FAS has signed cooperation agreement with the Government of Amazonas state to implement the Bolsa Floresta Program. The main reason for this is the ability of FAS to implement a long-term program efficiently, transparent and independent of party political interests. The stability and credibility of the institutional FAS open new opportunities for raising funds for the Bolsa Floresta program with institutions and companies with strong social and environmental commitment.
The implementation of Bolsa Floreta is defined in terms of cooperation established between the FAS and SDS. The PBF has been deployed in 15 State Protected Areas: RDS do Juma, Amana RDS, RDS Uacari, RDS Rio Amapá, RDS Mamirauá, RDS Uatumã, Purus RDS Piagaçu, RDS Cujubim, RDS Canumã, RDS Rio Madeira, Black River RDS, RESEX Catuá Ipixuna, RESEX Gregory River, APA Florest Maués and Black River.
8. What are the differences between the Bolsa Floresta and the nature of welfare programs?
The Bolsa Floresta is a strategy to build confidence before the historic distrust of communities towards external agents. Unlike welfare programs, BFP includes clear and objective counterpart, It has four components: income, social, family and association. Within the counterparts, highlight the commitment to zero net deforestation and support the implementation of conservation units in the State. In the strategic vision of the BFP, the main source of income is not the Bolsa Floresta Family (R$ 50 monthly), but the Bolsa Floresta Income, that encourages the inclusion of local population in productive sustainable forest chains. From the social indicators point of view, the main component is the Bolsa Floresta Social, aimed to improve the quality of life of local communities in education investments, health, communication and transportation. From the point of view of governance and participation, Bolsa Floresta Association is the main tool for the empowerment of local communities.
9. There was the participation of different social groups in planning the Bolsa Floresta?
Yes. The Bolsa Floresta Program is the result of a process that started in 2003, with the institution of the Zona Franca Verde Program by the State Government of Amazonas. In this period, several events were held and had the participation of Amazonian society, including: I, II and III State Environmental Conference; I and II State of Traditional Populations Conference; I and II State Indigenous People Conference, among other.
On 2007, were performed more than 20 specific meetings on the BFP, with the participation of approximately 30 governmental institutions, nongovernmental and education and research, under the coordination of SDS. Were also performed over 25 field offices, with communities participating in the Program. The Bolsa Floresta was also presented and discussed in events inside and outside the state of Amazonas. The result of these discussions has been incorporated in the current structure of the program, that is in constant process of improvement. Suggestions are continuously received by the staff of FAS, by mail or e-mail.
10. FAS has a partnership with research institutions?
FAS has a term of an agreement signed with the Federal University of Amazonas (UFAM) stage to enable students of Forestry and Fishing Engineering, selected to participate in research related to monitoring social and environmental development and the Bolsa Floresta. Several other terms for cooperation with research institutions, involving the State University of Amazonas (UEA), National Institute of Amazonian Research (INPA), Agrotechnical School and other educational institutions and research are under construction. Will be published a notice in support of environmental conservation projects and improve the quality of life of communities participating in the Program, which may participate in research institutions, non-governmental organizations and government agencies, preferentially form consortia na multi-institucionais.
11. FAS has partnered with other institutions?
Yes. FAS has partnerships with companies who were willing to donate their services for free to support the activities of environmental conservation and sustainable development of the Foundation: (i) PricewaterhouseCoopers-Brasil, one of the most respected accounting companies in the world, is responsible for external audit of FAS; (ii) Bain&Company-Brasil, a business consulting firm of international renown, is responsible for supporting the development of strategic planning; and (iii) DD&The, one of the largest law firms in the Amazon, is responsible for the legal advice of FAS. In addition to these, FAS is open to new partners and has been active in building new partnerships with other institutions.
12. What are the differentials of FAS?
A key differentiator of SAP is its ability to attract private companies to actions for sustainable development and environmental conservation. It is essential to business participation in this process, because it is the actor who moves the majority of the financial resources of the planet. This is possible by a combination of three basic elements: governança, mandate and ética. FAS was structured so as not to depend on political oscillations or changes in government priorities for action (governança)governanced legal grounds to act with credibility (mandate) and have ethical standards that allow you to build solid and serious institutional relations with the different segments of society.
FAS is an institution that represents an innovation in sustainability actions. It is an objective response and intelligent society of the Amazon to address the problems related to global climate change. The realization of the value of environmental services and products to improve the quality of lives of the guardians of ancient forests is a challenge and a dream, for the first time, is implemented in the Amazon and Brazil. FAS is a new institutional mechanism for combating deforestation and, at the same time, the promotion of sustainable development.