Amazon Fund and FAS

The Amazon Fund is a climate finance mechanism based on the concept of payment by results in reducing greenhouse gas emissions from deforestation. It was established on August 1, 2008 (Decree 6.527), with the central aim of promoting projects for the prevention and the fight against deforestation and for the conservation and sustainable use of forests in the Amazon biome.

By valuing ecosystem services of the Amazon to Brazil and the world, duty etc., through cooperation, contributions from the world and from Brazil to forest maintenance standing, in a process in which everyone benefits. The origin of donations involving Norway (93,8%), Germany (5,7%) and Brazil (0,5%), through Petrobras. The resources of the Amazon Fund are applied in the form of non-reimbursable financing, managed by the National Bank for Economic and Social Development (BNDES).

The valuation of standing forest, promoting environmental conservation and improving the quality of life of people who live in it is the main motivation for the creation of Amazonas Sustainable Foundation (FAS), in 2008, under the Amazonas State Climate Change Act. From this mechanism the Bolsa Floresta was created, public policy of payment for environmental services that has since been implemented by FAS through a cooperation agreement established with the State Government.

By attracting non-reimbursable funds donation resources, philanthropic source and corporate social responsibility, other four components have been developed: Income Generation, entrepreneurship, Empowerment and Community Infrastructure that complement the reward policy for environmental services and extends the investments received per family annually.

On 2010, FAS had its first project approved by the Amazon Fund and the BNDES, enabling alternative income generation and encouraging the role of vulnerable social groups, beside 40 thousand people beneficiaries of the Bolsa Floresta (BFP). The experiment was successful and a new project was approved and launched in 2016, focusing on entrepreneurship and strengthening of social and productive organization.

Project 1Project 2*
2010 à 20152016 à 2019
Value supported by the Amazon Fund
R$ 19.107.547,89
R$ 31.518.490,00
Financial execution100%92%
external evaluations
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The project 2, in implementation, it is called Bolsa Floresta (+): Reducing deforestation through associations, sustainable income and socioeconomic monitoring results, aimed at contributing to the reduction of deforestation in the Amazon, by strengthening and empowerment of neighborhood associations, promoting sustainable production arrangements, monitoring environmental indicators and management of the Bolsa Floresta and dissemination of lessons learned for replication methodologies and social engagement, as detailed in Project Change Theory.

The actions proposed are related to the following objectives, that contribute to the impact of reduced deforestation in performance of protected areas of the Bolsa Floresta in the Amazon:

Component Renda > Click to learn more

Investing in sustainable clusters in protected areas benefited by the Bolsa Floresta.
implementation strategy
Boosting the economy of forest products through innovation and the development of sustainable production arrangements within the concept and actions of the Bolsa Floresta.
Expected Results
Expanding the capacity of sustainable forest economy through (i) increased productivity, (ii) increase the number of supported clusters, (iii) greater support to associations and cooperatives (iv) improving family income combined with the forest conservation

component Association > Click to learn more

Strengthen the role and development of neighborhood associations and their leaders in protected areas supported by the Bolsa Floresta.
implementation strategy
Expansion of sustainability and strengthening of neighborhood associations for the management of social projects, income generation and environment for more than 580 communities served by the Bolsa Floresta Program.
Expected ResultsAssociations with greater autonomy in (i) development and project management (fund-raising, implementation and accountability), (ii) monitoring management indicators systems through meetings and periodic meetings, (iii) cooperation with other regional and national actors to better territorial management of UC, until (iv) training of leaders and young leaders

Component Public Call > Click to learn more

Support small and medium projects in the vicinity of protected areas through Public Call "Foot in Forest Notice"
implementation strategy
Support for projects for income generation and the empowerment of management of associations in communities surrounding protected areas served by PBF and those located in the ecological corridors, minimizing human pressure in these areas and their CUs.
Expected ResultsSmall and medium enterprises with (i) access to managerial and technical support; (ii) the advice for innovation and technological adaptation; as well as (iii) support for cooperation networks.

Spread Component Lessons Learned

TargetDisseminate lessons learned and innovative solutions geared to sustainable development
implementation strategy
Sharing of socio-economic results of the project with influencers and target audience, as well as identification of innovative solutions replication opportunities for regional development, based on lessons learned and the whole debate to be held.
Expected ResultsSystematization of knowledge and methodologies aimed replicability (i) technical and scientific publications on lessons learned and solutions for sustainable development, (ii) dissemination of lessons learned and solutions for sustainable development, until (iii) dissemination of lessons learned and solutions for sustainable development between bordering.

component Management

Systematize results and impacts to promote changes
implementation strategyProject management and implementation of systematic monitoring of actions and performance indicators for evaluation and impact enabling the monitoring of changes by the beneficiary public.
Expected ResultsPreparation and consolidation of program management indicators Bolsa Floresta and the systematization and analysis of socio-economic results of the project.