REDD , Environmental Services and Climate Changes

FAS has been participating actively of the formulation of public politics related to environmental services, REDD+, and climate changes, in state, national and international scope.

In 2014, the Foundation contributed for the process of the Law Project about Environmental Services, which has been in the Deputy’s Chamber. In the international scope, beyond participating of several parallel events at COP-20, in Lima, acts in revision of the state of art about resilience, coordinated by the Royal Society*.

The REDD+ project of the Juma Sustainable Development Reserve (RDS), in the municipality of Novo Aripuanã (225 km from Manaus), was the first project of the world to conquer “gold level” at the Climate, Community and Biodiversity standard, in 2008. This project contributes to hold the deforestation and its respective greenhouse gases emissions in an area of great pressure of land usage in the state of Amazonas.

Juma RDS is a state Conservation Unity (CU), created in 2006 and covers an area of 589,612 hectares of Amazon forest.

The Project was developed in 2008 by the Sustainable Amazonas Foundation in partnership with the State Secretary of Environment (Sema), or as it was called by that moment, State Secretary of Environment and Sustainable Development (SDS), with financial support from the group Marriott International of hotels and technical support from the Instituto de Conservação e Desenvolvimento Sustentável do Amazonas (Idesam).

The Project seeks, with the support of The Amazon Alternative –TAA and the Government of Amazonas, a new certification of the project in the CCB standard – Climate, Community and Biodiversity. The initiative also seeks the certification in the Verified Carbon Standard – VCS, and an innovation: the certification of the FSC management tools, as a pioneer.

The REDD+ is an international strategy in negotiation at the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, which offers financial incentives (compensations) to the developing countries lower their emissions of greenhouse gases from the deforestation and forests degradation. These incentives allow companies, governments and countries to invest in sustainable development and practices of low carbon to the usage of the land.

Even though it’s still not part of the current deal (Kyoto Protocol), there’s a great chance of REDD+ to be routed to the next pact, to be discussed in December of 2015 in Paris, expected to come into effect in 2020. If this happens, it will be the first mitigation tool (reduction) of emissions, proposed by the developing countries to integrate the Convention.

The abbreviation to Reduction of Emissions prevenient of Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD), goes beyond avoiding deforestation and forests recuperation. The sign + includes the “role of the conservation, of the sustainable management, and the rise of the carbon supply in the forests”.

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